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In APA Style, what order should manuscript sections follow?

e.g., Introduction, methods, etc.
Last Updated: May 12, 2016  |  1912 Views

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Please see below for the suggested order in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010), as well as the associated page numbers where more information can be found on each section. Please note that in the case of discrepancies between the APA's recommendations and program requirements for theses or major projects, students should follow program requirements. For example, most programs will require students to include a table of contents, and where appropriate, a list of figures and/or a list of tables. Those elements usually appear starting on a new page after the abstract but before the introduction. If students are unsure of what's expected in a thesis or major project, they should consult their thesis/major project handbook, contact their supervisor or program head, or contact the program office.

  • Title (p. 23)
  • Author's name and institutional affiliation (pp. 23-24)
  • Author note (pp. 24-25)
  • Abstract (pp. 25-27)
  • Introduction (pp. 27-28)
  • Method (pp. 29-32)
  • Results (pp. 32-33)
  • Discussion (pp. 35-36)
  • References (pp. 37 & 180-224)
  • Appendices and supplemental materials (pp. 38-40)

For information regarding presenting multiple experiments or meta-analyses, please see pages 36-37. To see a sample one- or two-experiment paper, please refer to "APA Style Sample Papers". Finally, to locate RRU theses or major projects, please visit "Theses and Projects".


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

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