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How do I reference a reference book without a byline (e.g., without a stated author) in APA Style?

e.g., a dictionary, encyclopedia
Last Updated: Apr 26, 2016  |  141 Views

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Please see the general and specific examples below and refer to page 203 in the APA manual for more information.

Title of entry. (year). In A. Editor (Ed.), Title of reference work (xx ed., Vol. xx, pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.

Title of entry. (year). In Title of reference work (xx ed., Vol. xx). Retrieved from http://www.xxxx

Entry in an Online Reference Work, No Author or Editor

Heuristic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved from

  • See page 205, e.g. #30, in the APA manual.
  • In-text citation: (Heuristic, n.d.)

For information regarding how to cite an authored online dictionary entry, see "How to cite and reference an online dictionary entry in APA Style?".


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

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