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How do I reference an online video (e.g., YouTube, TED Talk, or webinar) in APA style?

Last Updated: Jun 16, 2017  |  22399 Views

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Lastname, A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from URL

  • In-text citation: (Screen name, year, time of quoted material within video e.g. 1:25) 
  • See "Timestamps for Audiovisual Materials in APA Style" from the APA Style Blog for more information on creating in-text citations for videos, movies, podcasts, and television shows.

TED Talk

If the video was retrieved from the TED website:

Robinson, K. (2006, February). Ken Robinson: How school kills creativity [Video file]. Retrieved from

  • In-text citation: (Robinson, 2006, 15:45)

If the TED video was posted on YouTube and that's where you retrieved it (versus directly from

TED. (2007, January 6). Do schools kill creativity|Sir Ken Robinson|TED Talks [Video file]. Retrieved from

  • In-text citation: (TED, 2007, 1:15)

For more information, see "How to Cite a TED Talk in APA Style" from the APA Style Blog.

YouTube Video

Fields, J. (2012). Brene Brown on the power of being vulnerable [Video file]. Retrieved from

Video Transcript

If you referred to a video's transcript and wish to cite the transcript that is available from the same location as the video (e.g., the "transcript" option in a YouTube video), please include the words "and transcript" in the reference:

TED. (2007, January 6). Do schools kill creativity|Sir Ken Robinson|TED Talks [Video file and transcript]. Retrieved from

  • In-text citation: (TED, 2007, 1:15)

This recommendation is based on advice provided by an APA Style expert (Stephanie) in a blog post comment to "How to Create a Reference for a YouTube Video".


If an archived webinar is recoverable online, it can be cited as an online video as well. For example:

Axe, J., & Bell, T. (2017, March 27). Lunch and learn: Giving feedback on student writing [Video file].              Retrieved from

  • In-text citation: (Axe & Bell, 2017, 18:05)

If the webinar is livestreamed but not recorded, or if the recording is not publicly accessible, it is not included in a reference list, but cited as personal communication instead.

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