Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Nov 15, 2017     Views: 1579

Where you place the citation is decided by how you format the sentence.

  1. Smith (2009) noted that this was correct in his study. (Correct format for paraphrasing Smith's results)
  2. Smith (2009) noted that this was correct in his study (p. 23). (Correct format for paraphrasing Smith's results and are including the page number in the citation)
  3. Smith noted that this was correct in his study (2009, p. 23). (Incorrect)
  4. The study we have referred to found that "all was correct" (Smith, 2009, p. 23). (Correct)

The order in which you provide the information is up to you, but usually the author's name is provided in the text when it's important to emphasize who said the information, whereas placing the author's name in the citation places the emphasis on the quoted or paraphrased information. Please note that the APA Style rules regarding citing information expect that authors will place a citation after each instance of paraphrased or quoted information, versus the citation always appearing at the end of a unit of text. For example, “if the quotation appears in mid-sentence, end the passage with quotation marks, cite the source in parentheses immediately after the quotation marks, and continue the sentence” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 171). The same approach would also apply to paraphrased information.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.