Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Nov 15, 2017     Views: 420

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010) divided footnotes into two categories: content or copyright permission footnotes (pp. 37-38). Content footnotes “supplement or amplify substantive information in the text; they should not include complicated, irrelevant, or nonessential information. Because they can be distracting to readers, such footnotes should be included only if they strengthen the discussion” (p. 37). Furthermore, “in most cases, an author integrates an article best by presenting important information in the text, not in a footnote” (p. 38).

Use a copyright footnote to indicate that you have received permission from a publisher to reproduce another author’s table or figure in your text. Obtaining copyright permission is only required for documents that will be published outside of RRU (e.g. major research project or thesis). For assistance with obtaining copyright permission, please contact the RRU Copyright Office ( For the correct wording for a copyright permission footnote, please refer to page 38 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010).


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.