Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Nov 15, 2017     Views: 8540

To insert material in a quotation, “use brackets, not parentheses” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 173), e.g., [ ]  not { }. To “emphasize a word or words in a quotation, italicize the words or words. Immediately after the italicized words, insert within brackets the words emphasis added, that is, [emphasis added]” (p. 173). For example, “They [the judges] were convinced that the swimmer had missed the two-handed [emphasis added] turn.” Do not use bolding or underlining to add emphasis to words.


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.