Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Nov 15, 2017     Views: 1746

Paraphrasing refers to summarizing or presenting another author’s work in your own words. Quotation marks are not necessary around the paraphrased text, but it is important that the text is significantly different from the original; simply rearranging words or changing a couple of words is not sufficient to qualify as paraphrasing. The citation to paraphrased text must provide the author's last name and the year of publication, and “you are encouraged to provide a page or paragraph number, especially when it would help an interested reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 171).

For more information on paraphrasing, please see Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing. For more information on and examples of including page numbers in parenthetical citations to paraphrased text, please see "When and How to Include Page Numbers in APA Style Citations" from the APA Style Blog.


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.