Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Nov 15, 2017     Views: 1373

If “Anonymous” is the identified author of a work (versus there being no stated author), cite “Anonymous” in the citation instead of the author’s last name (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 177). For example, (Anonymous, 2005, p. 42). “Anonymous” would also appear in the author field in the reference list.

If the work does not name an author, you can instead use the first few words of the title (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 176). Enclose the title of an article or chapter in double quotation marks, and italicize the title of all other resource types (p. 176). For example, “quoted text” (Title of Book, year, p. X). The reference list entry is as follows:

Book title. (year). City, State Abbreviation/Country: Publisher.

Please see pages 176-177 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010) for more information.


American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.