Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Dec 05, 2017     Views: 552

If you’re writing up the results of your original research for your major project or thesis, please check with your academic supervisor to see how he or she would prefer that you present quoted or paraphrased information from your research. A typical approach is to discuss the results with sufficient information that your reader can tell that the information came from your original research without divulging the participants' identities in citations. If your participant is willing to have his or her name published in the document, the information can be cited using personal communication; however, researchers typically promise anonymity to their research subjects, in which case identities must be masked. An attribution indicates with whom the information originated, even if the attribution is a pseudonym, and allows readers to understand different participants' contributions. For example, “in response to the first survey question, Participant A noted that, ‘insert response here’, whereas Participant B stated that, ‘insert statement here’”.

For more information and examples, please see "Let’s Talk About Research Participants" from the APA Style Blog.