Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Dec 06, 2017     Views: 3112

Please refer to pages 206-207 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010) for information and examples. If the paper, poster, or conference proceedings have been formally published, use the formatting for the resource type (e.g., a chapter in a book or periodical article) to reference the resource. If the resource hasn't been formally published, see below.

On page 207, you'll see the following example for a reference to a conference paper abstract retrieved online:

Liu, S. (2005, May). Defending against business crises with the help of intelligent agent based early warning solutions. Paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Miami, FL. Abstract retrieved from http://ww.iceis.org/iceis2005/abstracts_2005.htm

In-text citation: (Liu, 2005, para. X)

Paper

If you retrieved a conference paper online (versus an abstract, as shown above), and the paper wasn't published as part of a larger conference proceedings document (such as in a periodical or a book), you can use the same formatting, but replace "Abstract" with "Paper":

Lastname, A. A. (Year, Month). Title of paper. Paper presented at Conference Name, Location. Paper retrieved from URL

In-text citation: (Lastname, year, p. X)

Poster

Lastname, A. A. (Year, Month). Title of poster. Poster session presented at the meeting of Organization Name, Location. Poster retrieved from URL

In-text citation: (Lastname, year, para. X)

Symposium

Contributor, A. A. (Year, Month). Title of contribution. In E.E. Chairperson (Chair), Title of symposium. Symposium conducted at the meeting of Organization Name, Location.

In-text citation: (Lastname, year, para. X)

Date in reference

Regarding the date of publication, "for symposium contributions and paper or poster presentations that have not been formally published, give the month and year of the symposium or meeting in the reference" (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 206).

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.