Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Apr 10, 2019     Views: 42

Sometimes students may want to cite an ebook in their assignment, but the ebook does not include page numbers. In this situation, the APA Style recommendations are to use paragraph numbers rather than page numbers, which will likely involve counting the paragraphs yourself. To make it easier to count the paragraphs, you can also include a heading (or an abbreviated heading—in quotation marks—if the heading is quite long) plus the paragraph number(s) in that section (Lee, 2015, “How to Cite Material,” para. 1). Here are some sample in-text citation models:

(last name(s), year, para. #)
(last name(s), year, paras. #-#)
(last name(s), year, heading, para. #)
(last name(s), year, “abbreviated heading,” paras. #-#)

For more information, please see the following resources:


Lee, C. (2015, March 3). When and how to include page numbers in APA style citations [Blog post]. Retrieved from