Answered By: Jonathan Faerber
Last Updated: Dec 19, 2019     Views: 27251

APA 6th Edition

To insert material in a quotation, “use brackets, not parentheses” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 173), e.g., [ ]  not { }. To “emphasize a word or words in a quotation, italicize the words or words. Immediately after the italicized words, insert within brackets the words emphasis added, that is, [emphasis added]” (p. 173). For example, “They [the judges] were convinced that the swimmer had missed the two-handed [emphasis added] turn.” Do not use bolding or underlining to add emphasis to words.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

APA 7th Edition

Use square brackets to indicate changes to a quotation, such as adding words, explanations, or emphasis. To “emphasize a word or words in a quotation, use italics. Immediately after the italicized words, insert ‘emphasis added’ within square brackets as follows: [emphasis added]” (APA, 2020, p. 275). For example, “They [the judges] were convinced that the swimmer had missed the two-handed [emphasis added] turn.” 

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000