Answered By: Jonathan Faerber
Last Updated: Dec 20, 2019     Views: 1854

APA 6th Edition

Paraphrasing refers to summarizing or presenting another author’s work in your own words. Quotation marks are not necessary around the paraphrased text, but it is important that the text is significantly different from the original; simply rearranging words or changing a couple of words is not sufficient to qualify as paraphrasing. The citation to paraphrased text must provide the author's last name and the year of publication, and “you are encouraged to provide a page or paragraph number, especially when it would help an interested reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 171).

For more information on paraphrasing, please see Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing. For more information on and examples of including page numbers in parenthetical citations to paraphrased text, please see "When and How to Include Page Numbers in APA Style Citations" from the APA Style Blog.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

APA 7th Edition

Paraphrasing refers to presenting another author’s work in your own words. A good paraphrase is both accurate and unique: your words in a paraphrase should stay true to the original meaning of a text without repeating anyone else's words.

Quotation marks are not necessary around the paraphrased text, but it is important that the text is significantly different from the original; simply rearranging words or changing a couple of words is not sufficient to qualify as paraphrasing. For example, a paraphrase will often explain paragraphs or sections of writing in several sentences rather than an individual word or sentence. The citation to paraphrased text must provide the author's last name and the year of publication, and “page or paragraph number ... when it would help readers locate the relevant passage within a long and complex work” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 269).

For more information on paraphrasing, please see Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing and Paraphrasing (from the APA Style website).

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000