Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Dec 18, 2019     Views: 61402

APA 6th Edition

For a quotation of 39 words or fewer, place the sentence punctuation after the closing bracket of the citation: “A terrible storm started last night as I took the dog for our nightly walk” (Jamieson, 1999, p. 12).

For a block quotation (40+ words), the closing punctuation appears before the citation. For example:

If the quotation comprises 40 or more words, display it in a freestanding block of text and omit the quotation marks. Start such a block quotation on a new line and indent the block about a half inch from the left margin (in the same position as a new paragraph). If there are additional paragraphs within the quotation, indent the first line of each an additional half inch. Double-space the entire paragraph. At the end of a block quotation, cite the quoted source and the page or paragraph number in parentheses after the final punctuation mark. (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 171)

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

APA 7th Edition

For a quotation of 39 words or fewer that ends a sentence, place the period after the closing bracket of the citation (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020, p. 271) e.g., "That terrible storm last night startled my cat and she hid under the bed for hours” (Liu, 2015, p. 12).

For a block quotation (40+ words), the closing punctuation appears at the end of the quotation and before the citation (APA, 2020, p. 272). For example:

If a quotation contains 40 words or more, treat it as a block quotation. Do not use quotation marks to enclose a block quotation. Start a block quotation on a new line and indent the whole block 0.5 in. from the left margin. If there are additional paragraphs within the quotation, indent the first line of each subsequent paragraph an additional 0.5 in. Double-space the entire block quotation; do not add extra space before or after it. Either (a) cite the source in parentheses after the quotation's final punctuation or (b) cite the author and year in the narrative before the quotation and place only the page number in parentheses after the quotation's final punctuation. Do not add a period after the closing parenthesis in either case. (APA, 2020, p. 272)

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000