Answered By: Jonathan Faerber (he/him/his)
Last Updated: Feb 19, 2022     Views: 24741

APA Style (7th ed.)

When referencing a secondary source, name the text where you found the information (APA, 2020, p. 258). For example, if you quoted Souper’s text, which you found in Green’s book, you should reference Green because you read Green’s book: “Souper (as cited in Green, 2017) noted that . . .”. Please note that it is always best to work with original research; for example, if Souper’s study is important to your research, read Souper’s original work so that you can derive your own conclusions, rather than relying on Green’s interpretation. If you need help finding primary sources, please contact the RRU librarians. If you cannot find the primary source but are aware of the publication date, please include this information in the secondary source citation:

  • Parenthetical citation: (Souper, 2015, as cited in Green, 2017)
  • Narrative citation: Souper (2015, as cited in Green, 2017)

In the reference list, provide the author of the secondary text that you read (e.g., Green), not the primary author. Do not list the primary source (e.g., Souper) in your reference list unless you directly refer to it elsewhere in your text.


American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.).