Answered By: Jonathan Faerber
Last Updated: Aug 19, 2020     Views: 14263

APA 6th Edition (scroll down for APA 7th edition)

If your journal article has a DOI, please see "How do I reference a journal article that has a DOI in APA style?". If your journal article does not have a DOI, please see the examples and information below:

Lastname, A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume#(issue#), page#-page#. Retrieved from URL (if retrieved from an open website that doesn't require a subscription or log in to access the resource)

Lastname, A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume#(issue#), page#-page#. Retrieved from http://XXXXX (database home page URL)

Lastname, A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume#(issue#), page#-page#. Retrieved from Name of Database.

Examples and Explanation

Cuddy, C. (2002). Demystifying APA Style. Orthopaedic Nursing, 21(5), 35-42. Retrieved from https://www.ebscohost.com/academic/academic-search-premier

Cuddy, C. (2002). Demystifying APA Style. Orthopaedic Nursing, 21(5), 35-42. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.

  • The standard APA Style approach to referencing resources without DOIs from a subscription-based database is to provide the database’s home page URL after the “Retrieved from” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 191). However, if you accessed a subscription-based database by going through the RRU Library’s website, rather than directly from that database’s home page, you had to log in to gain that access. The requirement to log in means providing the database’s home page URL isn’t a useful step for students, and providing a direct URL to the resource via the Library's access isn’t useful to anyone outside the RRU community. Therefore, to simplify the process of creating references, students can provide either the home page URL for the database or name the database as shown above. This advice is based on the American Psychological Association's (2009) "DOI and URL Flowchart".
  • In-text citation: (Cuddy, 2002, p. X)
  • For more information on referencing journal articles without DOIs, please refer to page 199 in the APA manual.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

APA 7th Edition

If your journal article has a DOI, please see How Do I Reference a Journal Article That Has a DOI in APA Style?. If your journal article does not have a DOI and was retrieved from a subscription-based research database, provide the author, date, title, and periodical information only, which means the reference ends with the page range (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 299). For example: 

Lastname, A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodicalvolume#(issue#), page#-page#.

If a nondatabase URL is available for articles without a DOI, use the URL instead of a DOI. For example: 

Lastname, A. (year of publication). Title of article. Title of Periodicalvolume#(issue#), page#-page#. http://XXXXX

Examples and Explanation

Cuddy, C. (2002). Demystifying APA Style. Orthopaedic Nursing, 21(5), 35-42.

Posner, E.A. & Sunstein, C.R.. (2009). Should greenhouse gas permits be allocated on a per capita basis?. California Law Review. 97(1), 51-94. https://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/cgi/ viewcontent.cgi?article=2759&context=journal_articles

  • In these example, “21” and "97" are the volume numbers, and “(5)” and "(1)" are the issue numbers of the journals. As per APA rules, “place the issue number immediately after the volume number (with no space in between), and enclose the issue number in parentheses” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p.294)
  • Example parenthetical citation: (Cuddy, 2002, p. 39)
  • Example narrative citation: Posner and Sunstein (2009) argued that "quoted text" (p. 53).
  • See example #2 on page 317 of the APA Style manual.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000