Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Dec 18, 2019     Views: 35858

APA 6th Edition (scroll down for APA 7th Edition)

Grey literature is a category of resources that includes technical or research reports by government agencies, research institutes, organizations or companies, or associations. This type of literature includes (but is not limited to):

  • white papers
  • working papers
  • policy briefs
  • reports (Royal Roads University, 2015, What is grey literature?)

For more information, please visit Grey Literature: What Is It?

See below for four sample references to reports, and for more information on and examples of references to technical or research reports, refer to pages 205 and 206 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010).

Author, A. A. (date). Title of report: Subtitle of report (Report No. xxx). Retrieved from URL

  • If the report doesn't have a report number, leave that information out of the reference.

Authored Report from an Agency Website

BC Hydro. (2013). Environmental impact statement executive summary.  Retrieved from Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency website: http://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/050/documents_staticpost/63919/85328/Executive_Summary.pdf

  • “For reports retrieved online, identify the publisher as part of the retrieval statement unless the publisher has been identified as the author: Retrieved from Agency name website: http://www.xxxx” (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 205). 
  • In-text citation: (BC Hydro, 2013, p. X)

Authored Report from a Government Department

Environment Canada. (2011). Best practices for capturing, transporting and caring for relocated Canada geese (Catalogue no.: CW66-293/4-2011E-PDF). Retrieved from http://ec.gc.ca/Publications/0391513D-33B1-4ED7-A8E8-5DA5AE65E767%5CBestPracticesForCapturingTransportingAndCaringForRelocatedCanadaGeese.pdf

Report from a Private Organization, Available on Organization Website (e.g., annual report)

Imperial Oil Limited. (2006). Energy leadership: Yesterday, today and tomorrow. Retrieved from http://www.esso.ca/Canada-English/Files/Investors/2006_AR.pdf

  • In-text citation: (Imperial Oil Limited, 2006, p. X)

United Nations Report

United Nations Development Programme. (2014). Human development report 2014: Sustaining human progress: Reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience. Retrieved from http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-report-en-1.pdf

  • First in-text citation: (United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2014, p. X)
  • Subsequent in-text citations: (UNDP, 2014, p. X)

References

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

Royal Roads University. (2015). Grey literature: What is it? Retrieved from http://libguides.royalroads.ca/greylit

APA 7th Edition

Grey literature is a category of resources that includes technical or research reports by government agencies, research institutes, organizations or companies, or associations. This type of literature includes (but is not limited to):

  • white papers
  • working papers
  • policy briefs
  • reports (Royal Roads University, 2015, What is grey literature?)

For more information, please visit Grey Literature: What Is It?

See below for four sample references to reports, and for more information on and examples of references to reports and grey literature, refer to pages 329-331 in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2020).

Author, A. A. (date). Title of report: Subtitle of report (Report No. xxx). Publisher Name. URL

  • If the report doesn't have a report number, leave that information out of the reference.
  • “If the publisher is the same as the author, which is often the case for group authors, . . . omit the publisher from the source element” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020, p. 329).

Authored Report From an Agency Website

BC Hydro. (2013). Environmental impact statement executive summary.  Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency. http://www.ceaa-acee.gc.ca/050/documents_staticpost/63919/85328/Executive_Summary.pdf

  • In-text citation: (BC Hydro, 2013, p. X)

Authored Report from a Government Department

Bush, E., & Lemmen, D. S. (Eds.). (2019). Canada’s changing climate report. Natural Resources Canada. https://www.nrcan.gc.ca/sites/www.nrcan.gc.ca/files/energy/Climate-change/pdf/CCCR_FULLREPORT-EN-FINAL.pdf

  • In-text citation: (Bush & Lemmen, 2019, p. X)

Report from a Private Organization, Available on Organization Website (e.g., annual report)

Canadian Solar. (2018). 2018 annual report. http://investors.canadiansolar.com/static-files/f5df404b-6f97-4027-8be3-db57c5bb35d6

  • In-text citation: (Canadian Solar, 2018, p. X)

United Nations Report

United Nations Development Programme. (2014). Human development report 2014: Sustaining human progress: Reducing vulnerabilities and building resilience. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr14-report-en-1.pdf

  • First in-text citation: (United Nations Development Programme [UNDP], 2014, p. X)
  • Subsequent in-text citations: (UNDP, 2014, p. X)

References

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

Royal Roads University. (2015). Grey literature: What is it? http://libguides.royalroads.ca/greylit