Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Dec 19, 2019     Views: 5495

APA 6th and 7th Editions

When referencing published poems, please create the reference based on the source where the poem was published (e.g., web page, book). The in-text citation of a published poem should provide the author’s last name, the year of publication, and stanza (e.g., Frost, 1916, stanza 1).  

If you attended a live reading of a poem, the reading would be considered personal communication because the public is unable to recover the data, so the poem would be cited only in the text e.g., (A. Poet, personal communication, Month day, year). If the reader accessed the poem via a published work (e.g., a book), please cite the published work versus the reading.