Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Dec 21, 2019     Views: 4426

APA 6th Edition

Citations for audiobooks are like citations for written books, except that rather than including a page number you would include a timestamp. This approach is consistent with in-text citation guidelines for online videos. The timestamp in your citation will provide your reader with the moment when the quotation begins (not when it ends) (Lee, 2015, “Use a Timestamp,” para. 1). Here is an example:

            (Last name, year, 11:25)

In the example above, the material you are citing begins at 11 minutes and 25 seconds into the audiobook. If the material you are citing occurs less than one minute into the audiobook, use “0” before the colon and provide the number of seconds (Lee, 2015, “Use a Timestamp,” para. 5), as shown in the following example:

            (Last name, year, 0:55)

The APA Style guidelines for paraphrasing from an audiobook are the same as paraphrasing from a written book; although you must include a page number/timestamp for direct quotations, you are encouraged, but not required, to include this pinpoint when paraphrasing (Lee, 2015, “Use a Timestamp,” para. 8).

For more information, please see the following resources:

Reference

Lee, C. (2014, January 17). Timestamps for audiovisual materials in APA style [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2014/01/timestamps-for-audiovisual-materials-in-apa-style.html

APA 7th Edition

Citations to quotations from audiobooks are like citations for written books, except you can use a time stamp rather than a page number to indicate where the quotation begins (American Psychological Association [APA], 2020, p. 274). For example, (Lastname, year, 11:25). If you are paraphrasing, the approach is the same whether you’re paraphrasing from a book or an audiobook; although you must include a page number/timestamp for direct quotations, you are not required to include the location reference when paraphrasing unless doing so would assist your reader to locate the information (APA, 2020, p. 269).

When referencing audiobooks, “include the narrator and audiobook notation only in specific cases” (APA, 2020, p. 321). That is,

it is not necessary to note when you used an audiobook versus a book or an ebook when the content is the same, even if the format is different. However, do not that the work is an audiobook in the title element when the content is different (e.g., abridged), if you want to note something special about the audiobook (e.g., the impact of the narration on the listener), or if you quote from the audiobook. (APA, 2020, p. 322)

See examples #22, 26, and 29 on pages 321-323 in the APA Style manual for specific examples, and see below for example #22:

Cain, S. (2012). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can’t stop talking (K. Mazur, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Random House Audio. http://bit.ly/2G0Bpbl

  • In-text citation: (Cain, 2012, time stamp)

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000