Answered By: Theresa Bell Last Updated: Apr 11, 2019 Views: 158
The sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010) recommends adhering to the following designated formats for author names in your reference list and in-text citations:
References: “invert all authors’ names; give surnames and initials for up to and including seven authors (e.g. Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C.)” (p. 184).
However, what should you do if authors’ have multiple first or last names, it is unclear which name(s) are the first and last names, or there are cultural variations in the order of the names?
For information about how to cite and reference multipart author surnames (including authors with hyphenated surnames, two different surnames, particles in their surnames, and suffixes in their surnames), please see: “What’s in a Name? Two-Part Surnames in APA Style.”
Uncertainty Regarding Which Names are First, Middle, and Last Names
For advice regarding how to determine which names are the author’s first, middle, and last names, please see: “What’s in a Name? Two-Part Surnames in APA Style.”
Cultural Variations in Name Order
For information about cultural variations in name order, and suggestions regarding which name order to follow in your citations and references, please see: “What’s in a Name? Cultural Variations in Name Order.”
For more information regarding author names, please see the following WriteAnswers entries:
- How should I present the author(s)'s and/or editor(s)'s names in my reference in APA style?
- How should I reference an author with "Jr." or "III" in his name?
- How should I reference a work with an author listed as "with" in APA Style?
- How do I cite a resource by "Anonymous" or without a stated author in APA Style?
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Lee, C. (2017a, May 17). What’s in a name? Cultural variations in name order [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2017/05/whats-in-a-name-cultural-variations-in-name-order.htm
Lee, C. (2017b, May 4). What’s in a name? Two-part surnames in APA style [Blog post]. https://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2017/05/whats-in-a-name-two-part-surnames-in-apa-style.html