Answered By: Jonathan Faerber
Last Updated: Jan 31, 2020     Views: 290

APA 6th Edition

If you accessed a resource electronically, you need to provide sufficient information in your reference for your reader to be able to locate the resource in the same location. Even if the resource is available in both print and electronic formats, if you accessed the electronic version, please direct your reader to that version in your reference. In a reference for a print document, the publisher location and name is provided; however, for an electronic resource, the retrieval information replaces the publisher information and instead directs the reader to the electronic location of the resource. For resources retrieved from an online password-protected database, you can note the electronic location by providing a DOI, the URL of the home page of the database, or the database's name (see "How do I reference a journal article in APA Style (no DOI)?" for more information and example references); for material retrieved from an open website, you can provide the URL. Please search WriteAnswers for the specific resource type that you're working with (e.g., ebook, chapter in an ebook, journal article) to see examples of electronic retrieval information, and see "Do I need a retrieval date in my reference in APA style" for more information on retrieval dates.   

APA 7th Edition

References for online resources only include retrieval information when a DOI is available for the resource, or when the material is accessible using a URL to an open website (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 299) . On the other hand, online resources accessed using a subscription-based research database should not include retrieval information unless a DOI is available. An overview of the different resource types are outlined below:

  • Online resources accessed by logging in through an online research database
    • Resources with a DOI: Include the DOI in the reference entry for the resource in the https://doi.org/xxx format
    • Resources without a DOI: Do not include retrieval information (such as a URL)
  • Online resources accessed without logging in through an online research database
    • Resources with a DOI: Include the DOI in the reference entry for the resource in the https://doi.org/xxx format
    • Resources without a DOI: Include the URL as the retrieval information for the online resource

See How Do I Reference a Journal Article in APA Style (No DOI)? for information and example references for resources retrieved from an online password-protected database, without a DOI. Please search WriteAnswers for the specific resource type that you're working with (e.g., ebookchapter in an ebookjournal article) to see examples of electronic retrieval information, and see Do I Need a Retrieval Date in My Reference in APA Style? for more information on retrieval dates.   

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000