Answered By: Theresa Bell
Last Updated: Dec 20, 2019     Views: 8522

APA 6th Edition

If you're quoting the questionnaire itself, and if the questionnaire is a public document, please use the appropriate APA formatting to reference the document. I don't have a copy of the questionnaire, so I can't give a specific example reference; however, I'd suggest adapting the following formatting to suit your resource:

Lastname of questionnaire author, A. (publication year). Title of questionnaire. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

In-text citation: (Lastname, year, p. X or para. X)

If you are quoting or paraphrasing your questionnaire results, those results are only available to you, which means that unless you post the results on a public website or otherwise publish them, the results aren't available to the general public. Accordingly, please use the format for personal communication to cite your questionnaire results. Personal communication does not provide recoverable data; therefore, the resource is only cited within the text but not in the reference list (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 179). When citing personal communication, provide the first initial and last name of your contact or the group/corporate name, “personal communication”, and the date the communication took place. In the case of the results of the VARK questionnaire, please cite the author of the questionnaire as the source of the information. For example, (J. Greenwood, personal communication, January 15, 2004), or J. Greenwood (personal communication, January 15, 2004). For more information, please see "How do I cite or reference personal communication in APA Style?".

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. 

APA 7th Edition

If you're quoting the questionnaire itself (versus your private results), and if the questionnaire is a public document that you retrieved online, try adapting the following formatting to grey literature to reference the document:

Lastname of questionnaire author, A. (publication year). Title of questionnaire. Website Name. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxx

In-text citation: (Lastname, year, p. X or para. X)

If you are quoting or paraphrasing your questionnaire results, those results are only available to you, which means that unless you post the results on a public website or otherwise publish them, the results aren't available to the general public. Accordingly, please use the format for personal communication to cite your questionnaire results. Personal communication does not provide recoverable data; therefore, the resource is only cited within the text but not in the references (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 260).

When citing personal communication, provide the first initial and last name of your contact or the group/corporate name, “personal communication”, and the date the communication took place. In the case of the results of the VARK questionnaire, please cite the author of the questionnaire as the source of the information. For example, (A. Author, personal communication, January 25, 2019), or A. Author (personal communication, January 25, 2019). For more information, please see How Do I Cite or Reference Personal Communication in APA Style?.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000