Answered By: Jonathan Faerber
Last Updated: Dec 19, 2019     Views: 6717

APA 6th Edition

It depends on how you accessed the data; for example, if you retrieved the information from a journal article, book, web page, or a Statistics Canada publication, please use the appropriate formatting. If you retrieved the information from a data set, please see "How to Cite a Data Set in APA Style" from the APA Style Blog.

If you are citing data within a table - that is, you've created a table and retrieved the data within the table from various sources - please identify the sources of your information in the table note e.g. Data are from Smith, Brown, and West (1996), Winslow and Johnson (2014), and Yu et al. (2003). Use superscripted letters in the table data and with the corresponding mentions in the table note to make the connections: Data are from Smith, Brown, and West (1996)a, Winslow and Johnson (2014)b, and Yu et al. (2003)c. Please include the resources in your references, but you don’t need to include the superscripted letters in the references as those letters are only relevant within the table. See below for an example:

For more information and examples of citing data in a table, please see "Navigating Copyright: How to Cite Sources in a Table" (APA Style Blog).

One final point regarding data: remember that "data" is a plural noun.

APA 7th Edition

It depends on how you accessed the data; for example, if you retrieved the information from a journal article, book, web page, or a Statistics Canada publication, please use the appropriate formatting. To cite and reference data from a data set, please include the author and publication year in in-text citations and references include the words "data set" in square brackets after the title of the data set:

Author, A. (Year). Title of data set in sentence case and italics [Data set]. Publisher. DOI or URL

Just as with journal articles and other electronic resources without a DOI, do not include the DOI if you accessed the resource through a subscription-based database. For information and examples of data sets, please see pages 337-338 of the APA Style manual. 

If you are citing data within a table - that is, you've created a table and retrieved the data within the table from various sources - please identify the sources of your information in the table note and include the resources in your references e.g. Data are from Smith, Brown, and West (1996), Winslow and Johnson (2014), and Yu et al. (2003). Use superscripted letters in the table data and with the corresponding mentions in the table note to make the connections: Data are from Smith, Brown, and West (1996)a, Winslow and Johnson (2014)b, and Yu et al. (2003)c. Please include the resources in your references, but you don’t need to include the superscripted letters in the references as those letters are only relevant within the table. See below for an example:

Note: "Published or unpublished data from another source require a copyright attribution and permission to directly reproduce. Data that have been reconfigured or reanalyzed to produced different numbers do not require permission or a copyright attribution; cite these data with a regular author-date citation instead" (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 385), which is the approach shown above.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000