Answered By: Jonathan Faerber
Last Updated: Jan 07, 2020     Views: 170969

APA 6th Edition

No, because each instance of quoted or paraphrased information within a paragraph needs a citation. One citation at the end of a paragraph only notes that the last sentence of the paragraph came from the cited source. Failing to make it clear which information within a paragraph came from another source could be considered plagiarism, so please make sure that you give credit where it is required.

You don't have to provide a full citation for every quotation or paraphrase if you are citing repeatedly from one author within a paragraph; please see "When to Include the Year in Citations Appearing More Than Once in a Paragraph" from the APA Style Blog for information on how to format those citations.

"When to Include the Year in Citations Appearing More Than Once in a Paragraph" uses examples of paraphrased information, but if you're quoting text, please include a parenthetical page number after your quotations, even if you're not providing the author and year in the citation. Here's an example of that approach from "Are Bulleted Lists Allowed in APA style? How do I Format a Bulleted or Numbered List?":

Numbered lists are helpful to identify the organization of information, such as "itemized conclusions or steps in a procedure" (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 63). Numbered paragraphs should be

identified by an Arabic numeral followed by a period but not enclosed in or followed by parentheses. Separate sentences in a series are also identified by an Arabic numeral followed by a period; the first word is capitalized, and the sentence ends with a period or correct punctuation. (p. 63)

Please keep in mind that "the use of 'numbered lists' may connote an unwanted or unwarranted ordinal position (e.g. chronology, importance, priority) among the items" (p. 64).

In this example, all the citations are from the same source, and since no other resources have been introduced since the first full citation, the subsequent citations direct the reader back to that source.

APA 7th Edition

No, because a single citation at the end of the paragraph only notes that the last sentence of the paragraph came from the cited source, rather than earlier sections of the paragraph. A single citation in a paragraph with more than one instance of quoted or paraphrased information may also incorrectly appear to be your own work instead of the author you are quoting or paraphrasing. If it is not clear that an instance of quoted or paraphrased information came from another source, the quoted or paraphrased text may be considered plagiarism.

In order to make it clear that quoted or paraphrased information is not your own work, cite every quotation and every new instance of paraphrased information in your paragraphs. Each citation to a quotation should include a parenthetical page number, as well as the author of the quoted text and year of publication. In paragraphs that contain one overall instance of paraphrased information, “cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged” (American Psychological Association, 2020, p. 254). If the paragraph subsequently paraphrases new information from a different location in the source, or from another source, additional citation in the paragraph is appropriate.

Occasionally, a long paraphrase may continue over several paragraphs. Although it may not be necessary to repeat the full in-text citation for the paraphrase in each sentence, it is still necessary to begin subsequent paragraphs with a full in-text citation (APA, 2020, p. 270). If you are citing the same information repeatedly within one or more paragraphs, please see Long Paraphrases from the APA Style Blog for information on how to format those citations. For detailed information on how to format citations to quoted or paraphrased information in APA Style, please see What is an In-text Citation in APA Style?, What is a Quotation and How Should it be Formatted in APA Style?, and What is Paraphrasing in APA Style? as well as the RRU guide called Quoting, Summarizing, and Paraphrasing.

Reference

American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-0000